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Basic Arcgis, Basic Beginning Using Arcgis | Mapping

full arcgis tutorial
basic arcgis tutorial part 1

This is an initial post as well as a note to start the next topics related to the use of arcgis. It’s a good idea to open the Arcgis application to understand the notes in this post, because later there will be some things that will confuse you if you don’t practice it directly.

It should also be noted that only the most basic part will be discussed, so there is not much memorization, in terms of getting to the point.

Disclaimer :

This is just a small note, a guide from a kind friend who wants to share a little arcgis knowledge. Brother’s tutor, just call him with the initials Oby, our brother has been in the drone-based mapping world for almost 3 years. That’s all the brief information.

What is Arcgis?

Arcgis is a desktop-based application that is used for GIS data management, can be used as a reference or process data from the field. In general, Arcgis is often used in making maps and the information contained therein, for example plantation maps, regional administration maps, land cover maps and so on.

What will be discussed?

  • Arcgis Display Parts
  • Basic icons and their frequently used functions
  • Connect To Folder
  • Getting Started Using Arcgis and Locking the Reference Coordinate System
  • Add Data

Note: The points above are the most basic and generally must be mastered when starting the data processing process. He said only 4, tomorrow will add more, so that all of them will enter.

Parts of Arcgis View

Here the arcgis application is version 10.6.1, the first screen to enter the application is like the picture above, there are several parts;

It is located at the top, in the File row

The toolbar is located under the menu, there are many icons with their respective functions

On the left side of the screen, the data you want to process is always in this section

Visual display of data located in the table of content

Note: The Catalog toolbar sometimes appears automatically, but there are several ways to display the catalog, either through the Window Menu, or on the right side of the application, for its own function, it will be in the next section.

Basic Icons And Their Frequently Used Functions

The icon above is located in the Toolbar section, entered in the Floating Toolbar subsection. These icons will often be used when processing data, put aside the globe icon first, focus on the other 5 toolbars, following their functions: from left to right; zoom in, zoom out, to shift the project in the view section, zoom in slowly, zoom out slowly.

Connect To Folder

Its own function is to make a connection between folders on the PC and the application, so that later it can be displayed in the catalog section. This is important to do so that the processed projects will not be scattered or separated.

Getting Started Using Arcgis And Locking The Reference Coordinate System

This relates to what must be done first when you want to start the data processing process, you could say the first step is very, very general to be done. What are the stages like:

  1. Pop Up Catalog
  2. Connect To Folder
  3. Selecting a folder in the catalog section (the folder is free to store processed files)
  4. right click on the folder
  5. The Catalog dialog box, which is marked with a red box is icon connect to folder

  6. select New > Shapefile

After selecting the Shapefile, the form will look like in the image above, it needs to be understood, so that the file is not lost and easy to find, when naming the distance between words, try to use an underline or underline.

In the feature type column, because this is the basics, the first thing is to understand the point. Actually there are other options such as Polyline, Polygon etc., and both will be included in the next note.

Just go to edit to do coordinate locking, see image below:

Notes : Above we use WGS 1984 UTM Zone 49N, so what is it?, This is a GPS reference coordinate system for our current position. Each region has different reference coordinates.

Selecting reference coordinates: select Project Coordinate System, select UTM, select WGS 1984, after which 2 other options will be presented, namely Northern Hemispher (North) and Southern Hemispher (South).

Tips To find out which one to use, the benchmark is the equator, our position is now above the equator, so the reference coordinate system is in the Northern Hemispher option. That’s why we chose WGS 1984 UTM Zone 49N.

A simple way to find out the reference coordinate system, please just browse on google :D. by typing “your local reference coordinate system”. Once found, press OK to continue. List of Provinces WGS 1984 UTM Zone Indonesia

When the ShapeFile is successfully created, make sure it appears in the table of content section which indicates the data processing has started.

Add Data and Scale

Above the left side is the “add data” icon, the number on the right is the scale.

In short, the basic function of add data is to add data such as a map in shp or jpeg format as a reference when you want to determine points, polygons and so on. So, if the scale function is already known, you know for sure.

By the way, the scale above has not been set at all 😀

It can be done offline, which means that the data has been downloaded and stored on our devices, while online, the data is taken from the official website database.


The notes above are the most basic basics that must be mastered by early users of the Arcgis application, because these parts are the initial stages that will be repeated continuously when starting the data processing process.

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